Delaware State Courts
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Court Proceedings in the Justice of the Peace Court

Civil
Filing or Defending a Civil Action:
  • Starting an Action: Learn how to start an action in the Justice of the Peace Court to collect a debt, recover items of property, obtain compensation for property damage, or obtain possession of a rental unit. Tell me more…
  • Responding to an Action: When you receive the complaint, you will also receive a summons which will direct you as to the next step which you need to take to avoid a default judgment. Tell me more…
  • Preparing for Trial: Learn tips on how to prepare for trial. Tell me more…
  • What to expect at Trial: Learn what to expect at your court hearing. Tell me more…
  • Landlord/Tenant:Learn how to file or defend a Landlord/Tenant (Summary Possession Action) to obtain or keep possession of a rental unit. Tell me more...
Judgments:
  • Default judgment: A default judgment may be entered when no answer is received by the Court from the Defendant within the proper time period or when the Defendant fails to appear as required. Tell me more
  • Non-suit judgment: A non-suit judgment occurs when a plaintiff, after proper notice, fails to appear at the designated trial date and time. Tell me more…
Collecting a Judgment:
  • After the judgment has been paid: The plaintiff must notify court when the judgment has been paid. Tell me more…
  • Collecting and/or reviving a judgment: Learn how to collect and/or revive a judgment. Tell me more…»
  • Transferring/disputing the transfer of a judgment: Learn how to transfer or dispute the transfer of a judgment from another state. Tell me more…
Post Judgment Procedures:
Post-Judgment: Learn more about post judgment procedures such as motions to vacate a judgment or appeals. Tell me more…

Traffic
Traffic tickets:
Learn about your options if you have received a traffic ticket. Tell me more...

Criminal
Crime victim information:
Information for persons who have been victims of crime. Tell me more...
Offense and Defendant Information:
Information for those accused of an offense in the Justice of the Peace Court. Tell me more...
Probation before Judgment:
Probation before judgment (PBJ) provides a means for a first offender to avoid having a convition entered against him or her. Tell me more...
Videophone System:
The videophone allows the police, courts, and other participating agencies to conduct business without physically traveling among their offices. Tell me more...

References
Frequently Asked Questions
Glossary of Legal Terms